A urinalysis is a test of your urine.
A urinalysis is used to detect and manage a wide range of disorders, such as urinary tract infections, kidney disease and diabetes.
A urinalysis involves checking the appearance, concentration and content of urine.
Abnormal urinalysis results may point to a disease or illness.
What can be detected in a urine test?
Doctors request a urine test to help diagnose and treat a range of conditions including kidney disorders, liver problems, diabetes and infections. Urine can be tested for particular proteins, sugars, hormones or other chemicals, certain bacteria and its acidity or alkalinity.
Can a urine test detect cancer?
Urine cytology: In this test, a microscope is used to look for cancer cells in urine. Urine cytology does find some cancers, but it’s not reliable enough to make a good screening test. Urine tests for tumor markers: Newer tests look for certain substances in urine that might be a sign of bladder cancer.
What does a urinalysis test check for?
Urinalysis is commonly used to diagnose a urinary tract or kidney infection, to evaluate causes of kidney failure, to screen for progression of some chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure (hypertension). It also may be used in combination with other tests to diagnose some diseases.
What diseases can urine culture detect?
Urine cultures can detect some sexually transmitted diseases. However, a urine culture is not the test of choice for sexually transmitted diseases in adults. Some STDs such as chlamydia may be tested using a urine sample, but the testing method used detects chlamydia genetic material in the urine and is not a culture.
What should not be found in urine?
Sugar (glucose, not usually found in urine) Bilirubin (breakdown product of hemoglobin, not usually found in urine) Urobilinogen (breakdown product of bilirubin, not usually found in urine) Red blood cells (erythrocytes, not usually found in urine)
What is a positive urine test?
ANSWER. If your urine test is positive, it means your kidneys can no longer filter your blood as well as they should. It also shows you have blood vessel disease that could lead to heart problems.
What does it mean when your urine test is abnormal?
A urinalysis is a test of your urine. A urinalysis is used to detect and manage a wide range of disorders, such as urinary tract infections, kidney disease and diabetes. Abnormal urinalysis results may point to a disease or illness.
What are the abnormalities found in urine?
Asymptomatic urinary abnormalities that are commonly diagnosed by dipstick and microscopic examination of urine are glycosuria, pyuria, crystalluria, bacteriuria, hematuria, and proteinuria: Glycosuria: Glycosuria in the absence of hyperglycemia suggests renal glycosuria or proximal tubular disease.
What can cause an abnormal urine test?
When this test is positive and/or the WBC count in urine is high, it may indicate that there is inflammation in the urinary tract or kidneys. The most common cause for WBCs in urine (leukocyturia) is a bacterial urinary tract infection (UTI), such as a bladder or kidney infection.
Can a regular urinalysis detect STD infection?
Urine testing is currently primarily used to detect bacterial STDs. Chlamydia and gonorrhea urine tests are widely available. Trichomoniasis urine tests are also available, but they are less common. The gold standard for diagnosing bacterial STDs, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, used to be bacterial culture.
How do I read my urine test results?
- Acidity (pH). The pH level indicates the amount of acid in urine.
- Concentration. A measure of concentration, or specific gravity, shows how concentrated particles are in your urine.
- Protein. Low levels of protein in urine are normal.
- Evidence of infection.
How do I check my urine test results?
Things the dipstick test can check for include:
- Acidity, or pH. If the acid is abnormal, you could have kidney stones, a urinary tract infection (UTI) or another condition.
- Protein. This can be a sign your kidneys are not working right.
- White blood cells.
- Blood in your urine.