What are examples of water borne diseases?
Some waterborne pathogenic microorganisms spread by water can cause severe, life-threatening diseases. Examples are typhoid fever, cholera and Hepatitis A or E. Other microorganisms induce less dangerous diseases. Often, diarrhoea is the main symptom (figure 1).
What is meant by water borne diseases?
Waterborne diseasesGeneral Information. Water-borne diseases are any illness caused by drinking water contaminated by human or animal faeces, which contain pathogenic microorganisms. The full picture of water-associated diseases is complex for a number of reasons.
What are the causes of water borne diseases?
Waterborne illnesses have two main causes:
- Pollution e.g. dangerous levels of chemicals, nitrates or heavy metals in the water supply due to industrial pollution or the over-use of agricultural chemicals.
- Dirt & Contamination – Bacteria, viruses and parasitic organisms invisibly contaminate the water and cause disease.
What is the most common water borne disease?
DiarrhoeaIn India, diarrhoea is the most common waterborne disease.