What Are Three Ways Infectious Diseases Can Be Spread?

Infectious diseases have different ways of spreading from person to person.

They can be spread in three main ways: through the air, through direct contact between people, and/ or contaminated objects or surfaces.

What are 3 ways in which diseases can be transmitted?

Three ways infectious diseases can be spread through direct contact are:

  • Person to person. A common way for infectious diseases to spread is through the direct transfer of bacteria, viruses or other germs from one person to another.
  • Animal to person.
  • Mother to unborn child.
  • Food Contamination.

What are the five key ways in which infection can spread?

Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.

What is the most common method of spreading infection?

Contact transmission is the most common form of transmitting diseases and virus. There are two types of contact transmission: direct and indirect. Direct contact transmission occurs when there is physical contact between an infected person and a susceptible person.

What are the 6 modes of transmission?

The six links include: the infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, and susceptible host. The way to stop germs from spreading is by interrupting this chain at any link.

What are the 8 modes of transmission?

The modes (means) of transmission are: Contact (direct and/or indirect), Droplet, Airborne, Vector and Common Vehicle. The portal of entry is the means by which the infectious microorganisms gains access into the new host. This can occur, for example, through ingestion, breathing, or skin puncture.

What are the five routes of infection?

The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne.

What is the difference between contagious and infectious?

Infectious diseases are caused by microscopic germs (such as bacteria or viruses) that get into the body and cause problems. Infectious diseases that spread from person to person are said to be contagious. Some infections spread to people from an animal or insect, but are not contagious from another human.

What are the main routes infection can enter the body?

The Main Routes Infection can Enter the Body are: Body fluids – A body fluid e.g. blood, urine, pus, saliva from one person enters the body of another e.g. through cuts or other means such as sexual intercourse (e.g. syphilis, HIV etc.). Through saliva (e.g. glandular fever).

What kind of diseases can antibiotics cure?

Antibiotics are strong medicines that treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics won’t treat viral infections because they can’t kill viruses. You’ll get better when the viral infection has run its course. Common illnesses caused by bacteria are urinary tract infections, strep throat, and some pneumonia.

What can be transmitted through saliva?

Only certain sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are transmittable through kissing. Two common ones are herpes simplex virus (HSV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV). Kissing can be one of the most exciting parts of a relationship. But you may also feel wary of kissing if you’re with someone for the first time.

What diseases can be transferred through saliva?

Here are a few other illnesses which can work their way from your saliva into your nose, throat and lungs:

  1. Rhinovirus (colds)
  2. Flu virus.
  3. Epstein-Barr virus (mononucelosis, or mono)
  4. Type 1 herpes (cold sores)
  5. Strep bacteria.
  6. Hepatitis B and hepatitis C.
  7. Cytomegalovirus (a risk for babies in the womb)
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