What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?
Referred to as a “lifestyle” disease, because the majority of these diseases are preventable illnesses, the most common causes for non-communicable diseases (NCD) include tobacco use (smoking), alcohol abuse, poor diets (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fatty acids) and physical inactivity.
What causes a noncommunicable disease?
NCDs or non-communicable diseases are those conditions that are usually not passed on from one affected person to others, but are caused as a direct result of lifestyle and environmental factors. These include a host of different conditions including chronic lung diseases, diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular diseases.
How do non communicable diseases affect the world?
The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) kill more than 36 million people each year.
How do you prevent non communicable diseases?
Tools by targets
- Target 1: Reduce mortality from NCDs.
- Target 2: Reduce harmful use of alcohol.
- Target 3: Reduce prevalence of physical inactivity.
- Target 4: Reduce salt intake.
- Target 5: Reduce tobacco use.
- Target 6: Reduce prevalence of raised blood pressure.
- Target 7: Halt the rise in diabetes and obesity.