Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.
What are the different ways in which infectious diseases can spread?
How infectious diseases spread
- Through the air. Droplets containing small particles of a disease, such as measles, chickenpox and influenza (the flu), can be present in the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
- Through direct contact.
- Through contact with contaminated surfaces or objects.
- Contaminated food or water.
What are the 5 main ways that pathogens can spread?
Five common ways germs are spread:
- Nose, mouth, or eyes to hands to others: Germs can spread to the hands by sneezing, coughing, or rubbing the eyes and then can be transferred to other family members or friends.
- Hands to food:
- Food to hands to food:
- Infected child to hands to other children:
- Animals to people:
What is the most common method of spreading infection?
Contact transmission is the most common form of transmitting diseases and virus. There are two types of contact transmission: direct and indirect. Direct contact transmission occurs when there is physical contact between an infected person and a susceptible person.
What are the 5 modes of transmission?
There are five main routes of disease transmission: aerosol, direct contact, fomite, oral and vector, Bickett-Weddle explained at the 2010 Western Veterinary Conference. Diseases can be spread to humans (zoonotic) by those same five routes.
What are the 6 modes of transmission?
The six links include: the infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, and susceptible host. The way to stop germs from spreading is by interrupting this chain at any link.
What are 3 ways pathogens are spread?
They can be spread several ways, including through contaminated soil, water, food, and blood, as well as through sexual contact and via insect bites.
What are the 6 types of pathogens?
Big 6 Pathogens. The FDA lists over 40 types of bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi that contaminate foods and cause illness, but they have singled out 6 that are the most contagious and cause the most severe symptoms. They are E coli, Hepatitis A, Nontyphoidal Salmonella, Norovirus, Shigella, Salmonella Typhi.
How is disease spread?
Infectious diseases can be spread through direct contact such as: Person to person. Infectious diseases commonly spread through the direct transfer of bacteria, viruses or other germs from one person to another. These germs can also spread through the exchange of body fluids from sexual contact.