How does diet affect chronic disease?
Adults who eat a healthy diet live longer and have a lower risk of obesity, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain cancers.
Processed foods and sugary drinks add unneeded sodium, saturated fats, and sugar to many diets, increasing the risk of chronic diseases.
Which chronic disease is related to poor diet?
About half of all American adults—117 million individuals—have one or more preventable chronic diseases, many of which are related to poor quality eating patterns and physical inactivity. These include cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, some cancers, and poor bone health.
How are nutrition and chronic disease connected?
Unbalanced consumption of foods high in energy (sugar, starch and/or fat) and low in essential nutrients contributes to energy excess, overweight and obesity. The amount of the energy consumed in relation to physical activity and the quality of food are key determinants of nutrition related chronic disease.
What roles does food play in preventing diseases?
How Healthy Eating Prevents Disease
- Healthy eating prevents obesity – the number one nutritional reason for disease.
- Certain nutrients affect certain parts of the body.
- Healthy eating improves the mood, which in turn boosts physical activity.