Which viruses cause foodborne disease?
Various viruses have been implicated in foodborne illness, with two types of virus, Norovirus and Hepatitis A, causing the most significant burden of foodborne illness and outbreaks, as they are highly contagious.
What is the food of viruses?
Human Norovirus followed by hepatitis A virus are the most common foodborne viruses, which are transmitted by food consumed raw, such as shellfish, fresh vegetables, and berry fruit.
Can viruses contaminate food?
As viruses do not replicate in foods, foodborne transmission of viruses occurs through: Contact of food with animal waste, human sewage or sewage-polluted water, Consumption of products of animal origin contaminated with viruses (e.g. meat, fish etc.).
What are the most common food borne illnesses?
The bacteria and viruses that cause the most illnesses, hospitalizations, or deaths in the United States are described below and include:
- Clostridium perfringens.
- E. coli.