A number of effective methods are used in disease vector control and depend upon the targeted mosquito species.
These approaches are classified into five classes: source reduction (environmental control), trapping (mechanical control), insecticides (chemical control), genetic control and biological control.
How can mosquito borne diseases be controlled?
Wear mosquito repellent containing up to 30% DEET (which is also safe for children over two months of age). Apply repellents containing permethrin to your clothing or gear. Other alternatives are available, including picaridin, IR3535, and oil of lemon eucalyptus. Follow the product label and reapply as directed.
Which can be used for biological control of mosquito?
Biological control or “biocontrol” is the use of natural enemies to manage mosquito populations. Effective biocontrol agents include predatory fish that feed on mosquito larvae such as mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) and some cyprinids (carps and minnows) and killifish. Tilapia also consume mosquito larvae.
How can vector borne diseases be controlled?
Insecticides, larvicides, rodenticides, Lethal ovitraps and repellents can be used to control vectors. For example, larvicides can be used in mosquito breeding zones; insecticides can be applied to house walls or bed nets, and use of personal repellents can reduce incidence of insect bites and thus infection.
What are the 4 major disease vectors?
available. Malaria, lymphatic filariasis, Japanese encephalitis, some haemorrhagic fevers (yellow fever, dengue, dengue haemorrhagic fever) and viral fevers (West Nile). Sleeping sickness. Chagas disease.