In stem cell transplants, stem cells replace cells damaged by chemotherapy or disease or serve as a way for the donor’s immune system to fight some types of cancer and blood-related diseases, such as leukemia, lymphoma, neuroblastoma and multiple myeloma.
These transplants use adult stem cells or umbilical cord blood.
How can stem cells be used to treat genetic diseases?
Stem cells ‘could fight genetic diseases’ In the study researchers used cells from people with a genetic liver condition to generate a type of stem cell called ‘induced pluripotent stem cells’ (iPSC), which have the ability to transform into other types of cells, including liver cells.
Should stem cells be used to treat diseases?
Stem cells may therefore be very useful as a therapy for diseases in which organs are damaged or where the immune system is too active. Some types of stem cells are already used for therapy, such as the hematopoietic (blood) stem cells, which are used for the treatment of bone marrow cancer.
How are stem cells used for medical treatment?
Cell therapies would use stem cells, or cells grown from stem cells, to replace or rejuvenate damaged tissue. Scientists also want to use stem cells to understand disease and find drugs that might treat it. Embryonic stem cells could be used to make more specialized tissues that have been lost to disease and injury.