Common congenital disorders
- cleft lip and cleft palate.
- cerebral palsy.
- Fragile X syndrome.
- Down syndrome.
- spina bifida.
- cystic fibrosis.
- heart conditions.
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What are the 5 most common birth defects?
- Anophthalmia / Microphthalmia.
- Anotia / Microtia.
- Cleft Lip / Cleft Palate.
- Congenital Heart Defectsplus icon. Atrial Septal Defect. Atrioventricular Septal Defect. Coarctation of the Aorta.
- Diaphragmatic Hernia.
- Down Syndromeplus icon. Data and Statistics. Growth Charts.
- Esophageal Atresia.
What is the rarest birth defect?
The most common are heart defects, cleft lip and palate, Down syndrome and spina bifida. Others, such as the ones listed below, are rare and less well known.
Rare birth defects include:
- Albinism, ocular.
- Albinism, oculocutaneous.
- Anencephaly (a neural tube defect)
- Arnold-Chiari malformation (chiari malformation)
What are major birth defects?
Examples of birth defects include neural tube defects, such as spina bifida; orofacial clefts; abdominal wall defects, such as gastroschisis; and congenital heart defects, such as hypoplastic left heart syndrome.