Diseases That Mimic Multiple Sclerosis?

Can MS be misdiagnosed?

The misdiagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is a problem with significant consequences for patients as well as the healthcare system. There are nearly 1 million people in the United States living with the disease. And researchers now say nearly 20 percent of them are misdiagnosed.

Are ALS and MS similar?

ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Lou Gehrig’s disease) and MS (multiple sclerosis) are not the same disease. The similarities between these two conditions are that both MS and ALS are so-called neurodegenerative diseases that affect the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system or CNS).

What causes brain lesions besides MS?

Stroke, vascular injury, or impaired supply of blood to the brain is perhaps the leading cause of lesions on the brain. Multiple sclerosis, or MS, is a disease where brain lesions are located in multiple sites of the brain. Those suffering from MS have significant problems with motor and sensory functions.

How do you rule out MS?

MRI multiple sclerosis lesions

  • Blood tests, to help rule out other diseases with symptoms similar to MS .
  • Spinal tap (lumbar puncture), in which a small sample of fluid is removed from your spinal canal for laboratory analysis.
  • MRI, which can reveal areas of MS (lesions) on your brain and spinal cord.

What does an MS attack feel like?

One of the most common symptoms of MS is a feeling of numbness or tingling in your arms or legs. Other symptoms can include: pain or weakness in your limbs. vision problems.

Can you have MS for years and not know it?

The term “benign MS” can be confusing. A person can’t be diagnosed with benign MS from onset, even if initial symptoms are mild. There’s no way to predict if or how MS will progress in the years to come. According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, about 5 to 10 percent of people with MS have a benign form.

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What is usually the first sign of ALS?

Gradual onset, generally painless, progressive muscle weakness is the most common initial symptom in ALS. Other early symptoms vary but can include tripping, dropping things, abnormal fatigue of the arms and/or legs, slurred speech, muscle cramps and twitches, and/or uncontrollable periods of laughing or crying.

Is multiple sclerosis an autoimmune disease?

The cause of multiple sclerosis is unknown. It’s considered an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues. In the case of MS , this immune system malfunction destroys the fatty substance that coats and protects nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord (myelin).

What is worse MS or Parkinson’s?

These diseases both affect your nerves. MS can break down the coating, called myelin, that surrounds and protects your nerves. In Parkinson’s, nerve cells in a part of your brain slowly die off. Both can start out with mild symptoms, but they get worse over time.

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