What are the 4 most common cardiovascular diseases?
What Are Cardiovascular Diseases?
- Abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias.
- Aorta disease and Marfan syndrome.
- Congenital heart disease.
- Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries)
- Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.
- Heart attack.
- Heart failure.
- Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy)
What causes cardiovascular disease?
Plaque buildup thickens and stiffens artery walls, which can inhibit blood flow through your arteries to your organs and tissues. Atherosclerosis is also the most common cause of cardiovascular disease. It can be caused by correctable problems, such as an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, being overweight and smoking.
What is included in cardiovascular disease?
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. CVD includes coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as angina and myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack). Coronary artery disease, stroke, and peripheral artery disease involve atherosclerosis.
What does cardiovascular disease mean?
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the name for the group of disorders of heart and blood vessels, and include: hypertension (high blood pressure) coronary heart disease (heart attack)
Can cardiovascular disease be cured?
A: Although we can’t cure heart disease, we can make it better. Most forms of heart disease are very treatable today. There is some evidence that normalizing high blood pressure and lowering cholesterol to very low levels will partially reverse plaques in the coronary arteries. We can repair or replace diseased valves.
What are the symptoms of heart blockage?
If a person has a heart block, they may experience:
- slow or irregular heartbeats, or palpitations.
- shortness of breath.
- lightheadedness and fainting.
- pain or discomfort in the chest.
- difficulty in doing exercise, due to the lack of blood being pumped around the body.
How is cardiovascular disease diagnosed?
- Electrocardiogram (ECG). An ECG records these electrical signals and can help your doctor detect irregularities in your heart’s rhythm and structure.
- Holter monitoring.
- Stress test.
- Cardiac catheterization.
- Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan.
- Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
How long can you live with cardiovascular disease?
Although there have been recent improvements in congestive heart failure treatment, researchers say the prognosis for people with the disease is still bleak, with about 50% having an average life expectancy of less than five years. For those with advanced forms of heart failure, nearly 90% die within one year.
What is an example of a cardiovascular disease?
Cardiovascular diseases are conditions that affect the structures or function of your heart, such as: Abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias. Aorta disease and Marfan syndrome. Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries)