Bejel, pinta, and yaws (endemic treponematoses) are chronic, tropical, nonvenereal spirochetal infections spread by body contact.
Symptoms of bejel are mucous membrane and cutaneous lesions, followed by bone and skin gummas.
Yaws causes periostitis and dermal lesions.
Pinta lesions are confined to the dermis.
What is Pinta disease?
Pinta (also known as azul, carate, empeines, lota, mal del pinto, and tina) is a human skin disease caused by infection with the spirochete, Treponema carateum, which is morphologically and serologically indistinguishable from the bacterium that causes syphilis.
How do you get endemic syphilis?
Endemic syphilis is caused by T pallidum subsp endemicum. Endemic syphilis is transmitted through direct or indirect skin-to-skin or mouth-to-mouth contact with the infected lesion. It occurs predominantly in children aged 2-15 years.
What is endemic syphilis?
Bejel, or endemic syphilis, is a chronic skin and tissue disease caused by infection by the endemicum subspecies of the spirochete Treponema pallidum.
Which sexually transmitted disease has a spirochete spiral bacterium?
Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum, is the causative agent of syphilis. The spiral-shaped bacterium or spirochete belongs to the order, Spirochaetales. In the absence of therapy, this sexually transmitted disease can cause cardiovascular and central nervous system lesions.
What is Treponemal disease?
Treponema is a genus of spiral-shaped bacteria. The major treponeme species of human pathogens is Treponema pallidum, whose subspecies are responsible for diseases such as syphilis, bejel, and yaws. Treponema carateum is the cause of pinta.
What does Pinta mean in Spanish slang?
Noun. pinta (uncountable) (Chicano, slang) prison.
Can you get syphilis from poor hygiene?
Syphilis is usually transmitted by sexual contact or from mother to infant, although endemic syphilis is transmitted by non-sexual contact in communities living under poor hygiene conditions. T. pallidum can also be transmitted by blood transfusion.
What are the 4 stages of syphilis?
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). There are four stages of the disease: primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary (also known as neurosyphilis). Primary syphilis is the first stage of the disease. It causes one or more small, painless sores in or around the genitals, anus, or mouth.
Where did syphilis originally come from?
The first well-recorded European outbreak of what is now known as syphilis occurred in 1495 among French troops besieging Naples, Italy. It may have been transmitted to the French via Spanish mercenaries serving King Charles of France in that siege. From this centre, the disease swept across Europe.
What are the 3 stages of syphilis?
Syphilis is divided into stages (primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary), with different signs and symptoms associated with each stage. A person with primary syphilis generally has a sore or sores at the original site of infection.
How do you kill Treponema pallidum?
Primary and secondary syphilis are easy to treat with a penicillin injection. Penicillin is one of the most widely used antibiotics and is usually effective in treating syphilis. People who are allergic to penicillin will likely be treated with a different antibiotic, such as: doxycycline.
Is there a vaccination for syphilis?
Need for a syphilis vaccineThe current syphilis treatment guidelines from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend parenterally administered penicillin G to treat all stages of syphilis, including pregnant women infected with syphilis .