What are some issues with emerging diseases?
Emerging diseases include HIV infections, SARS, Lyme disease, Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E.
coli), hantavirus, dengue fever, West Nile virus, and the Zika virus.
Reemerging diseases are diseases that reappear after they have been on a significant decline.
What are the challenges in combating emerging and reemerging diseases?
But despite considerable progress, infectious diseases continue to present significant challenges as new microbial threats emerge and reemerge. HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, influenza, SARS, West Nile virus, Marburg virus, and bioterrorism are examples of some of the emerging and reemerging threats.
What are three factors that influence the spread of emerging diseases?
Many factors are contributing to disease emergence, including climate change, globalization and urbanization, and most of these factors are to some extent caused by humans. Pathogens may be more or less prone to emergence in themselves, and rapidly mutating viruses are more common among the emerging pathogens.
What factors contribute to the adaptation and spread of emerging diseases?
The Institute of Medicine’s 1992 report on emerging infectious diseases identified six factors that shape their emergence: human demographics and behavior, technology and industry, economic development and land use, international travel and commerce, microbial adaptation and change, and breakdown of public health