What is true about noncommunicable diseases?
Noncommunicable – or chronic – diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression.
The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.
What are the odds of nonsmokers developing cardiovascular disease?
a. Nonsmokers are four times more likely to develop cardiovascular disease. b. Nonsmokers are twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease.
Which of the following diseases is caused by a single mutated gene?
Some well-known inherited genetic disorders include cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, Tay-Sachs disease, phenylketonuria and color-blindness, among many others. All of these disorders are caused by the mutation of a single gene.
Which of the following individuals would be at the greatest risk for bacterial pneumonia?
Those at greatest risk for bacterial pneumonia include people recovering from surgery, people with respiratory disease or viral infection and people who have weakened immune systems.
What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?
Referred to as a “lifestyle” disease, because the majority of these diseases are preventable illnesses, the most common causes for non-communicable diseases (NCD) include tobacco use (smoking), alcohol abuse, poor diets (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fatty acids) and physical inactivity.
What are the causes of non infectious diseases?
A disease that is not contagious is called a noninfectious disease. These diseases are not caused by pathogens. Instead, they are likely to have causes such as lifestyle factors, environmental toxins, or gene mutations. Common types of noninfectious diseases include cancer, diabetes, and immune system diseases.
Why is high blood pressure known as the silent killer quizlet?
Pressure is exerted by the left ventricle each time it contracts, and pressure is exerted by the blood as it flows thru the blood vessels. Hypertension is known as the “silent killer” because many it can be symptom free. -Symptoms are based on each individual and can include headaches and nosebleeds.
What are the 4 types of mutation?
There are three types of DNA Mutations: base substitutions, deletions and insertions. Single base substitutions are called point mutations, recall the point mutation Glu —–> Val which causes sickle-cell disease. Point mutations are the most common type of mutation and there are two types.
What are 5 genetic diseases?
Information About 5 Common Genetic Disorders
- Down Syndrome.
- Cystic Fibrosis.
- Tay-Sachs disease.
- Sickle Cell Anemia.
- Learn More.
What is caused by a single pair of genes?
When a certain gene is known to cause a disease, we refer to it as a single gene disorder or a Mendelian disorder. For example, you may have heard of cystic fibrosis, sickle cell disease, Fragile X syndrome, muscular dystrophy, or Huntington disease. These are all examples of single gene disorders.