What Eye Diseases Are There?

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What are the common diseases of eyes?

The leading causes of blindness and low vision in the United States are primarily age-related eye diseases such as age-related macular degeneration, cataract, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma. Other common eye disorders include amblyopia and strabismus.

What is the most dangerous eye disease?

Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve, which sends information from the retina to the brain. “Typically, people with glaucoma experience no symptoms,” says Dr. Spittle. “Glaucoma is diagnosed by evaluating the two most common risk factors: elevated eye pressure and physical changes to the nerves inside the eye.

What are some rare eye diseases?

NEI has information on a number of rare eye diseases, including:

  • Anophthalmia and Microphthalmia.
  • Bietti’s Crystalline Dystrophy.
  • Behçet’s Disease.
  • Coloboma.
  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension.
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa.
  • Retinoblastoma.
  • Stargardt Disease.

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