What autoimmune disease does a rheumatologist treat?
Rheumatologists evaluate and treat autoimmune, inflammatory or other musculoskeletal conditions like: Rheumatoid arthritis. Systemic lupus erythematosus. Systemic sclerosis (scleroderma)
What can a rheumatologist diagnose?
A rheumatologist is an internal medicine doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating inflammatory conditions that affect the joints, tendons, ligaments, bones, and muscles. Rheumatologists diagnose and treat musculoskeletal conditions, but they do not perform surgery.
What a rheumatologist does at first visit?
The first visit will include a physical exam in which I search for joint swelling or nodules that may indicate inflammation. Lab tests, such as X-rays and blood work, may also supply pieces of the puzzle to assist me in arriving at your diagnosis.
What is the most common rheumatic disease?
Among the most common ones are:
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
- Spondyloarthropathies — ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA)
- Sjogren’s syndrome.
- Infectious arthritis.
What is the most deadly autoimmune disease?
Giant cell myocarditis: most fatal of autoimmune diseases.
What can trigger an autoimmune disease?
The exact cause of autoimmune disorders is unknown. One theory is that some microorganisms (such as bacteria or viruses) or drugs may trigger changes that confuse the immune system. This may happen more often in people who have genes that make them more prone to autoimmune disorders.
Why would your doctor refer you to a rheumatologist?
A rheumatologist is an internist or pediatrician who received further training in the diagnosis (detection) and treatment of musculoskeletal disease and systemic autoimmune conditions commonly referred to as rheumatic diseases. Rheumatologists treat joint disease similar to orthopedists but do not perform surgeries.
What does rheumatic pain feel like?
Pain in the jointsFor example, you’ll feel pain in both left and right wrists, hands, and knees. If you have RA, joint pain can range from mild to moderate or severe. Sometimes it can feel like a sprain or broken bone. Some areas of your body may even be painful to the touch.
Why would you need to see a rheumatologist?
“In addition to the systemic diseases, people may come to see a rheumatologist to diagnose chronic back or neck pain or for a localized joint or muscle or tendon problem such as tennis elbow or Achilles’ tendonitis,” says Paula Marchetta, MD, MBA, president of the American College of Rheumatology.
Is rheumatic disease curable?
Unfortunately, there is no cure for rheumatic disease (with the exception of infectious arthritis, which can be cured with antibiotics if detected or diagnosed early). The goal of treatment is to limit pain and inflammation, while ensuring optimal joint function.
Is synovitis an autoimmune disease?
It is an inherited auto-inflammatory disorder that may also be considered an autoimmune disease. Chronic synovitis – a general term describing diseases involving joint inflammation in children. While it can cause osteoporosis, the condition is also believed to have an immunological component.
What are the symptoms of rheumatic disease?
- Joint pain.
- Joint stiffness.
- Rashes, including a “butterfly” rash across the cheeks.
- Sun sensitivity.
- Hair loss.
- Blue or white fingers or toes when exposed to cold (called Raynaud’s phenomenon)
- Problems in other organs such as the kidneys.