There are relatively few diseases that are transmitted by urine compared with the myriad of diseases caused by the faecal route.
Two well-known diseases that can be spread through urine include typhoid (the likely source of the Croydon Typhoid epidemic in the thirties) and urinary schistosomiasis.
Can you get sick from urine?
Urine is about 95% water. But it doesn’t contain any of the harmful microbes that can make you immediately sick—such as those you might ingest from contaminated wilderness water, and which are generally transferred through feces instead.
Which human infection spreads through urine?
Leptospirosis is a disease spread from animals to humans, caused by infection with the bacteria Leptospira. The most common sources of infection are contact with infected animal urine and/or contaminated soil or water.
Is it dangerous to drink urine?
A healthy person’s urine is about 95 percent water and sterile, so in the short term it’s safe to drink and does replenish lost water. But the other 5 percent of urine comprises a diverse collection of waste products, including nitrogen, potassium, and calcium—and too much of these can cause problems.
What are some diseases of the bladder?
- Cystitis – inflammation of the bladder, often from an infection.
- Urinary incontinence – loss of bladder control.
- Overactive bladder – a condition in which the bladder squeezes urine out at the wrong time.
- Interstitial cystitis – a chronic problem that causes bladder pain and frequent, urgent urination.