A zoonosis (plural zoonoses, or zoonotic diseases) is an infectious disease caused by a pathogen (an infectious agent, such as a bacterium, virus, parasite or prion) that has jumped from an animal (usually a vertebrate) to a human.
What animal transmits most diseases?
Toss in a handful of other barnyard diseases, like mad cow and brucellosis, and livestock are far and away the most disease-bearing animals from a human perspective. The danger of mosquitoes reaches beyond malaria. Dengue infects 50 million people per year, while around 500,000 people come down with chikungunya.
What are the diseases caused by pet animals?
The most common diseases associated with dogs that can cause human illness are:
- Campylobacteriosis (Campylobacter spp.)
- Dog Tapeworm (Dipylidium caninum)
- Hookworm (Zoonotic) (Ancylostoma caninum, Ancylostoma braziliense, Uncinaria stenocephala)
- Roundworm (Toxocara spp.)
- Brucellosis (Brucella spp.)
What are zoonotic diseases in animals?
Zoonosis refers to diseases that can be passed from animals to humans. They are sometimes called zoonotic diseases. Animals can carry harmful germs, such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses. These are then shared with humans and cause illness.
Can humans get STDs from animals?
Humans can contract brucellosis through drinking contaminated milk or through direct contact with infected animals. The human and animal STDs are spread by different species of Chlamydia (C. psittaci and C. trachomatis, respectively), so the disease can’t be spread between humans and animals.