The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes.
Chronic respiratory disease
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.
- pulmonary hypertension.
- cystic fibrosis.
What are the 10 non communicable diseases?
NCDs include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others.
What are some example of non communicable disease?
Examples of non-communicable diseases include diabetes, Alzheimer’s, cancer, osteoporosis, chronic lung disease, stroke, and heart disease. Almost four-fifths of all deaths from non-communicable diseases occur in developing countries.
What are the 4 types of non communicable disease?
The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.
What is the most common non contagious disease?
The most common NCDs include cardiovascular diseases (such as heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma), and diabetes.
What are the 5 non communicable diseases?
- Chronic Kidney Disease.
- Chronic Lung Disease.
- Heart Disease.
What are 3 examples of non infectious diseases?
Examples of non-communicable diseases include diabetes, Alzheimer’s, cancer, osteoporosis, chronic lung disease, stroke, and heart disease.
What are the prevention of non communicable disease?
Preventing and controlling noncommunicable diseases
- Raise priority accorded to NCDs through international cooperation and advocacy.
- Strengthen national capacity, governance, multisectoral action, and partnerships.
- Reduce the major modifiable risk factors, such as tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diets, and physical inactivity.
Is hypertension a non communicable disease?
Non-communicable diseases are important causes of mortality and morbidity in India. Case-control studies have reported that hypertension is most important risk factor for CVD in India.
What causes non infectious diseases?
A disease that is not contagious is called a noninfectious disease. These diseases are not caused by pathogens. Instead, they are likely to have causes such as lifestyle factors, environmental toxins, or gene mutations. Common types of noninfectious diseases include cancer, diabetes, and immune system diseases.
What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?
Referred to as a “lifestyle” disease, because the majority of these diseases are preventable illnesses, the most common causes for non-communicable diseases (NCD) include tobacco use (smoking), alcohol abuse, poor diets (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fatty acids) and physical inactivity.
What are the common risk factors for non communicable diseases?
Most noncommunicable diseases are the result of four particular behaviours (tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, and the harmful use of alcohol) that lead to four key metabolic/physiological changes (raised blood pressure, overweight/obesity, raised blood glucose and raised cholesterol).
Is depression a noncommunicable disease?
Introduction. Chronic NCDs are a major global health problem, causing morbidity and mortality in all countries(1–3). Chronic NCDs that are frequently linked with depression include cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases (10–12).