What diseases are making a comeback?
Let’s take a closer look at 10 diseases that have been making a comeback in developed nations in recent years.
- Scarlet fever.
- Whooping cough.
Can an eradicated disease come back?
‘Eliminated’ diseases can return. Eradicating one for good is a near impossible public health undertaking. For a disease to be gone entirely, it has to be eradicated, with zero cases reported anywhere in the world—a feat only achieved once, with smallpox.
What disease has been eradicated by vaccines?
In the United States, a long list of diseases have been nearly eradicated by vaccines: diphtheria, bacterial influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, and tetanus, among others.
Is tuberculosis making a comeback?
While unexpected, TB in the U.S. hasn’t been eliminated – in fact, recent research shows that though it is completely preventable, TB incidence has been declining at a sluggish rate of only 1.65 percent annually, a rate too slow to reach TB elimination in this century.
What diseases no longer exist?
- Poliomyelitis (polio)
- Lymphatic filariasis.
What virus is making a comeback?
Plague. Plague—or the “Black Death” as it was referred to in the Middle Ages—is making a comeback in the developing world and in parts of the United States, including Idaho, California, Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico.
Can a virus be completely eradicated?
But only smallpox and rinderpest — a measles-like virus that kills cattle — have been truly eradicated from the globe.
Can a virus be eradicated?
Two infectious diseases have successfully been eradicated: smallpox and rinderpest. There are also four ongoing programs, targeting poliomyelitis, yaws, dracunculiasis, and malaria.
Can diseases ever be fully eradicated?
The only infectious disease of humans to have been declared eradicated by the World Heath Assembly is smallpox, the last known case having occurred in Somalia in 1977, though the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation aims to rid the world of polio and malaria.
What are the six killer diseases?
Childhood mortality: six killer diseases and how to stop them
- Pneumonia. Pneumonia, usually caused by a bacterial infection, is a disease in which the air sacs in the lungs become inflamed and fill up with fluid.
- Diarrhoea. Diarrhoea is caused by an infection in the intestinal track.
What viruses have vaccines?
Although most attenuated vaccines are viral, some are bacterial in nature. Examples include the viral diseases yellow fever, measles, mumps, and rubella, and the bacterial disease typhoid.
How many vaccines exist?
Four types of vaccines are currently available: Live virus vaccines use the weakened (attenuated) form of the virus. The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine and the varicella (chickenpox) vaccine are examples.
Can TB recur after 10 years?
The relapse rate differs by a country’s incidence and control: 0–27% of TB relapses occur within 2 years after treatment completion and most relapses occur within 5 years; however, some relapses occur 15 years after treatment.
When was the last case of TB in the US?
TB Incidence in the United States, 1953-2018 TB Cases and Case Rates per 100,000 Population
|Year||Number of Cases||Rate|
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Why is tuberculosis on the rise again?
The world-wide increase in tuberculosis: how demographic changes, HIV infection and increasing numbers in poverty are increasing tuberculosis. But until world conditions of poverty and HIV spread are addressed, it is unlikely that tuberculosis can be controlled.