People who engage in drug use or high-risk behaviors associated with drug use put themselves at risk for contracting or transmitting viral infections such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), or hepatitis.
This is because viruses spread through blood or other body fluids.
What diseases can you get from doing drugs?
Longer-term effects can include heart or lung disease, cancer, mental illness, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, and others. Long-term drug use can also lead to addiction. Drug addiction is a brain disorder. Not everyone who uses drugs will become addicted, but for some, drug use can change how certain brain circuits work.
How does the abuse of drugs increase the risk of contracting an STD?
Users often reuse and share needles and other drug paraphernalia to get high, exposing other users to blood or body fluids that could be infected. Heroin users are also more likely to engage in unprotected sex and sex with multiple partners, increasing their risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease.
How are drug users at a greater risk for a disease that is caused by a virus such as hepatitis?
Hepatitis A virus: sero-epidemiological data among DUs.Drug users are at risk of contracting the infection for at least three reasons: route of infection, by injection and sex, poor housing conditions, and the higher probability of being jailed.
What diseases can be spread by sharing needles?
Blood borne infections are commonly spread by people who inject drugs and share needles or syringes. Diseases that are spread this way include: HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C.
Can you get an STD from Coke?
Although the majority of cocaine users do not share the same risks as injection drug users, they do face an increased risk of acquiring an infectious disease. Cocaine users are more likely to engage in risky sexual behaviors, such as unprotected sex, and therefore have higher odds of STDs.
What do drugs do to your brain?
Drugs alter the way nerve cells normally send, receive, and process information. They do this by (1) imitating the brain’s natural chemical messengers, (2) by over-stimulating the “reward circuit” of the brain, (3) flooding the brain with excess chemicals, and (4) binding to receptors in the brain.
What is a side effect of a drug?
Side effects, also known as adverse events, are unwanted or unexpected events or reactions to a drug. Side effects can vary from minor problems like a runny nose to life-threatening events, such as an increased risk of a heart attack.
What type of hepatitis do drug users get?
Hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) are the most common viral hepatitis infections transmitted through the sometimes risky behaviors by people who use drugs—particularly among people who inject drugs (PWID).
Who is at risk of STIS?
Who is most at risk? You are at risk of getting an STI if: you don’t use condoms during sex or dental dams (a thin latex square held over the vaginal or anal area during oral sex) you have changed sex partners or had more than one sex partner in the last 12 months.
What is the most common hepatitis in the US?
HAV, HBV, HCV, and HDV are the only hepatitis viruses endemic to the United States; HAV, HBV, and HCV are responsible for more than 90% of US cases of acute viral hepatitis. Whereas HAV and HBV are the most common causes of acute hepatitis in the United States, HCV is the most common cause of chronic hepatitis.
Which is an example of drug abuse?
Commonly used illegal drugs include marijuana, heroin, cocaine, amphetamines and methamphetamines and club drugs. This list provides examples of their commercial and street names, how they are administered, their effects, health risks and other information.