Viral agents that are capable of being transmitted through blood transfusion include the following:
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- Hepatitis viruses.
- West Nile virus (WNV)
- Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
- Human T-cell lymphotrophic viruses (HTLVs)
- Parvovirus B19.
Transfusion-Transmitted Diseases: Overview, Bacterial emedicine.medscape.com › article › 1389957-overviewemedicine.medscape.com › article › 1389957-overview
Can you get a disease from someone’s blood?
What is the risk of infection from someone else’s blood? Some infections can be passed on in blood or in body fluids (such as saliva) that can become mixed with blood. These are known as blood-borne viruses (BBVs).
What diseases can be transmitted through bodily fluids?
Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:
- hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.
- hepatitis C – blood.
- human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.
- cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.
What diseases can be transmitted?
Infectious diseases are transmitted from person to person by direct or indirect contact. Certain types of viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi can all cause infectious disease. Malaria, measles, and respiratory illnesses are examples of infectious diseases.
Does spitting spread germs?
Health risksOther diseases that are spread through saliva include TB, hepatitis, viral meningitis, cytomegalovirus – a common virus similar to the herpes virus – and the Epstein-Barr virus, which is a common herpes virus that causes many diseases such as glandular fever.
What happens if you get someone else’s blood in your cut?
The risk of an infection being passed on from someone else’s blood is lower if the blood only comes into contact with your eyes, mouth, nose, or skin that’s already broken. The infected saliva may also get into an existing cut, graze or scratch.
What are the 3 main ways infection can get into the body?
They can be spread in three main ways: through the air, through direct contact between people, and/ or contaminated objects or surfaces.
- Through the air.
- Through direct contact.
- Through contact with contaminated surfaces or objects.
- Contaminated food or water.
What kinds of diseases can antibiotics cure?
Antibiotics can only treat bacterial infections. This includes strep throat and urinary infections. They will not treat viruses. This includes colds, the flu, or mono (mononucleosis).
Can you catch a disease from urine?
Two well-known diseases that can be spread through urine include typhoid (the likely source of the Croydon Typhoid epidemic in the thirties) and urinary schistosomiasis. However, there are two other points worth mentioning. Firstly, urine from a healthy person is pathogen free, as is the same person’s faeces.
Can you get a disease from someone spitting in your drink?
First: The person doing the spitting has to be sick—infected with one of the above viruses or bacterium. (You don’t really have to worry about herpes, or viruses like Epstein-Barr, which causes mono—those mostly transfer via kissing or sharing drinks, not via a drop of saliva on your face, Gerba says.)
Can you get STDs from kissing French kissing?
A: The only established STD transmitted through kissing is herpes, which is caused by the herpes simplex virus. HIV may be transmitted through kissing if a cut or open sore exists, but this would be considered very rare.
Why is spitting on someone disrespectful?
Spitting upon another person, especially onto the face, is a global sign of anger, hatred, disrespect or contempt. It can represent a “symbolical regurgitation” or an act of intentional contamination.