Diseases That Affect The Eyes?

There are many autoimmune disorders that affect the eye, including:

  • Behcet disease. This rare autoimmune disorder is a leading cause of blindness in some developing countries.
  • Lupus.
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS).
  • Psoriasis.
  • Reiter’s syndrome.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
  • Sjogren’s Syndrome.
  • Thyroid diseases.

What are the causes of blurred vision?

  • refractive errors, such as near-sightedness, far-sightedness, or astigmatism.
  • abrasions to the cornea.
  • age-related macular degeneration.
  • cataracts.
  • corneal opacification, or scarring.
  • infectious retinitis.
  • migraine.
  • optic neuritis.

Red eyes usually are caused by allergy, eye fatigue, over-wearing contact lenses or common eye infections such as pink eye (conjunctivitis). However, redness of the eye sometimes can signal a more serious eye condition or disease, such as uveitis or glaucoma.Medical conditions.

People with rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes and thyroid problems are more likely to have symptoms of dry eyes. Also, problems with inflammation of the eyelids (blepharitis), inflammation of the surfaces of the eye, or the inward or outward turning of eyelids can cause dry eyes to develop.Common conditions that may trigger eye floaters include:

  • age.
  • nearsightedness.
  • migraines or headaches.
  • medication.
  • posterior eye inflammation.
  • eye bleeding.
  • torn retina.
  • diabetic retinopathy.

Many vision professionals believe that a significant number of adults with vision loss from a variety of eye conditions, including macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma, experience Charles Bonnet (“Bo-NAY”) Syndrome, a condition that causes vivid, complex, recurring visual hallucinations, usually ( If you have ocular migraines, you may be at a higher risk for permanent vision loss, since they’re linked to the blood vessels and nerves at the back of the eye. Other common eye conditions might also be linked to your headaches. Astigmatism, far and short-sightedness, and even glaucoma, are a few examples.This in turn can cause disorders in the vestibular fluid of the inner ear and lead to dizziness and balance disorders.

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Common symptoms associated with vestibular disorders include:

  • Vertigo and dizziness.
  • Imbalance and Spatial disorientation.
  • Vision disturbances.
  • Hearing changes.
  • Cognitive and/or psychological changes.

Eye conditions such as keratoconus, cataracts and even dry eyes can cause double vision. (Most cases of monocular diplopia are caused by eye problems.)

What diseases or disorders affect the eyes?

Eye diseases like macular degeneration, glaucoma, and cataracts, can cause vision problems. Symptoms vary a lot among these disorders, so keep up with your eye exams. Some vision changes can be dangerous and need immediate medical care.

What are the most common eye diseases?

Here are the five most common eye diseases:

  1. Conjunctivitis. Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the lining and membrane of the eyelids.
  2. Cataracts. A cataract is a clouding of the lens of the eye, which is supposed to be clear.
  3. Macular Degeneration.
  4. Entropion.
  5. Glaucoma.

What are the diseases of the eye?


  • Refractive errors.
  • Cataracts – clouded lenses.
  • Optic nerve disorders, including glaucoma.
  • Retinal disorders – problems with the nerve layer at the back of the eye.
  • Macular degeneration – a disease that destroys sharp, central vision.
  • Diabetic eye problems.
  • Conjunctivitis – an infection also known as pinkeye.

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