What does Borrelia burgdorferi mean?
Medical Definition of Borrelia burgdorferiBorrelia burgdorferi: The spirochete (a type of bacteria) that causes Lyme disease.
Named after its discoverer, Dr.
How does Borrelia burgdorferi affect the body?
Borrelia in the BodyDepending on the strain of Borrelia, the bacteria will be more or less likely to spread through the bloodstream to distant sites in the body (Wormser, Brisson, Liveris et. al., 2008). When it does spread, it can cause arthritic, neurological, cardiovascular and other symptoms.
Is Borrelia burgdorferi a virus?
Borrelia burgdorferi is a bacterial species of the spirochete class of the genus Borrelia. B. burgdorferi exists in North America and Europe and until 2016 was the only known cause of Lyme disease in North America (Borrelia mayonii, found in the midwestern US, is also known to cause the disease).
Where does Borrelia burgdorferi come from?
The bacterium responsible for Lyme disease, Borrelia burgdorferi, originated in America, or so researchers thought. Now, however, scientists has shown that this bug in fact came from Europe, originating from before the Ice Age.
Does Lyme disease stay with you forever?
If treated, Lyme disease does not last for years. However, for some people, the after-effects of the disease can linger for months and sometimes even years. Lyme disease is an infection caused by a bacteria known as Borrelia burgdorferi. This bacteria is delivered to humans through tick bites.
What are the symptoms of Borrelia burgdorferi?
Initially the spirochete is localized to the skin lesion, and most individuals are asymptomatic. As the infection progresses, one or more systemic signs or symptoms – fever, malaise, headache, stiff neck, fatigue – develop, often heralding the systemic spread of this pathogen.
How dangerous is Borrelia burgdorferi?
Up to 20 percent of Lyme disease cases can cause lasting symptoms, including arthritis in the joints, cognitive difficulties, chronic fatigue, and sleep disturbances, even after antibiotic treatment, according to the CDC . This condition is known as post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome (PTLDS).
What does Lyme disease do to the human body?
Lyme disease can affect the heart. This can lead to an irregular heart rhythm, which can cause dizziness or heart palpitations. It can also spread to the nervous system, causing facial paralysis (Bell’s palsy) or meningitis. The last stage of Lyme disease happens if the early stages weren’t found or treated.
What is the treatment for Borrelia burgdorferi?
Antibiotics. Oral antibiotics. These are the standard treatment for early-stage Lyme disease. These usually include doxycycline for adults and children older than 8, or amoxicillin or cefuroxime for adults, younger children, and pregnant or breast-feeding women.
Is a spirochete a virus?
Spirochete, (order Spirochaetales), also spelled spirochaete, any of a group of spiral-shaped bacteria, some of which are serious pathogens for humans, causing diseases such as syphilis, yaws, Lyme disease, and relapsing fever. Examples of genera of spirochetes include Spirochaeta, Treponema, Borrelia, and Leptospira.
How did Lyme disease start?
In 1981, a scientist who was studying Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (also caused by a tick bite) began to study Lyme disease. This scientist, Willy Burgdorfer, found the connection between the deer tick and the disease. He discovered that a bacterium called a spirochete, carried by ticks, was causing Lyme.
Do mosquitoes carry Lyme disease?
Insects such as mosquitoes, flies, or fleas cannot spread the disease to humans either. These insects can carry the borrelia, however, according to the CDC, there is no credible evidence that Lyme disease can be transmitted through air, food, water, or from the bites of mosquitoes, flies, fleas, or lice.