Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in blood and can cause disease in people.
There are many different bloodborne pathogens, including malaria, syphilis, and brucellosis, and most notably Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
What are 3 bloodborne pathogens?
Bloodborne pathogens and workplace sharps injuries. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are three of the most common bloodborne pathogens from which health care workers are at risk.
What diseases can Blood transmit?
Viral agents that are capable of being transmitted through blood transfusion include the following:
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- Hepatitis viruses.
- West Nile virus (WNV)
- Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
- Human T-cell lymphotrophic viruses (HTLVs)
- Parvovirus B19.
What are Bloodborne Pathogens?
Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Needlesticks and other sharps-related injuries may expose workers to bloodborne pathogens.
Why are bloodborne pathogens dangerous?
Germs that can have a long-lasting presence in human blood and disease in humans are called bloodborne pathogens. The most common and dangerous germs spread through blood in the hospital are: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). These viruses cause infections and liver damage.
Is Ebola a bloodborne pathogen?
Employers must follow applicable OSHA standards where there is occupational exposure to Ebola virus, including the: Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP) standard (29 CFR 1910.1030).
Is vomit a bloodborne pathogen?
Urine, Feces, Saliva, Vomit, Tears, Nasal Secretions and Sweat cannot transmit bloodborne pathogens unless they contain VISIBLE BLOOD. An exposure can only take place if the pathogen can get into the body of the exposed person.
Can you get diseases from blood transfusions?
Blood transfusion has been and continues to be a possible source of disease transmission. A myriad of agents can potentially be transmitted through blood transfusions, including bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Hepatitis viruses.
What is the most common transmission mode for blood borne infections?
Bloodborne pathogens are most commonly transmitted through:Accidental puncture from contaminated needles, broken glass, or other sharps. Contact between broken or damaged skin and infected body fluids. Contact between mucous membranes and infected body fluids. Sexual Contact.
What disease can be transmitted through blood?
A bloodborne disease is a disease that can be spread through contamination by blood and other body fluids. Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria. The most common bloodborne pathogens examples are HIV, hepatitis B (HVB), hepatitis C (HVC) and viral hemorrhagic fevers.
Is chickenpox a bloodborne pathogen?
This article reviews the management of occupational exposure, infection, and strategies for the prevention of transmission of selected vaccine-prevent- able diseases (varicella zoster virus, influenza, pertussis) and bloodborne pathogens (hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, human immunodeficiency virus).
Is HEP AA bloodborne pathogen?
Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
How can you protect yourself from bloodborne pathogens?
Wear appropriate personal protective equipment: gloves, goggles, etc. as required by the accident. When performing CPR, always use a pocket mask equipped with a one way valve to prevent contact with potentially infectious body fluids. Contain spills immediately, then clean up and disinfect the area.