Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to complications including:
- Heart attack or stroke.
- Heart failure.
- Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in your kidneys.
- Thickened, narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eyes.
- Metabolic syndrome.
- Trouble with memory or understanding.
What disease can cause high blood pressure?
Health conditions that can cause high blood pressure include:
- kidney disease.
- long-term kidney infections.
- obstructive sleep apnoea – where the walls of the throat relax and narrow during sleep, interrupting normal breathing.
- glomerulonephritis – damage to the tiny filters inside the kidneys.
What are three problems with high blood pressure?
Angina — Over time, high blood pressure can lead to heart disease or microvascular disease (MVD). Angina, or chest pain, is a common symptom. Peripheral artery disease (PAD) — Atherosclerosis caused by high blood pressure can cause a narrowing of arteries in the legs, arms, stomach and head, causing pain or fatigue.
What are some treatments associated with high blood pressure?
There are several types of drugs used to treat high blood pressure, including:
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
- Calcium channel blockers.
- Renin inhibitors.
How do you feel when you have high blood pressure?
What are the symptoms of high blood pressure? In some cases, people with high blood pressure may have a pounding feeling in their head or chest, a feeling of lightheadedness or dizziness, or other signs. Without symptoms, people with high blood pressure may go years without knowing they have the condition.
Why would my blood pressure suddenly be high?
Common causes of high blood pressure spikesThese spikes, which typically last only a short period of time, are also known as sudden high blood pressure. These are some possible causes: Caffeine. Certain medications (such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) or combinations of medications.
What is considered stroke level high blood pressure?
A hypertensive crisis is a severe increase in blood pressure that can lead to a stroke. Extremely high blood pressure — a top number (systolic pressure) of 180 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or higher or a bottom number (diastolic pressure) of 120 mm Hg or higher — can damage blood vessels.