Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.
What are the four methods of transmitting diseases?
Disease can be transmitted in five basic ways.
- Direct Contact. This involves direct body surface to body surface from one animal to another or from an animal to a human.
- Indirect Contact or Fomite.
How are infectious diseases spread?
Infectious diseases can be spread through direct contact such as: Person to person. This can happen when an individual with the bacterium or virus touches, kisses, or coughs or sneezes on someone who isn’t infected. These germs can also spread through the exchange of body fluids from sexual contact.
What are the 3 modes of transmission?
The modes (means) of transmission are: Contact (direct and/or indirect), Droplet, Airborne, Vector and Common Vehicle. The portal of entry is the means by which the infectious microorganisms gains access into the new host. This can occur, for example, through ingestion, breathing, or skin puncture.
What are the 5 modes of transmission?
There are five main routes of disease transmission: aerosol, direct contact, fomite, oral and vector, Bickett-Weddle explained at the 2010 Western Veterinary Conference. Diseases can be spread to humans (zoonotic) by those same five routes.