What is true about noncommunicable diseases?
Noncommunicable – or chronic – diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression.
The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.
How many deaths worldwide result from noncommunicable diseases?
Key facts. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) kill 41 million people each year, equivalent to 71% of all deaths globally. Each year, 15 million people die from a NCD between the ages of 30 and 69 years; over 85% of these “premature” deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
What are the odds of nonsmokers developing cardiovascular disease?
a. Nonsmokers are four times more likely to develop cardiovascular disease. b. Nonsmokers are twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease.
What are the key risk factors for noncommunicable diseases that now dominate the disease burden globally?
The NCDs of global attention are CVD, diabetes, COPD and cancers. Tobacco use, poor diet, physical inactivity and alcohol are the four most common modifiable risk factors for NCDs. Mental health had only recently been included by the WHO as a NCD.