What Role Does Laboratory Testing Play In The Prevention Of Communicable Diseases?

What is the role of public health laboratory?

Public health laboratories focus on diseases and the health status of population groups.

They perform limited diagnostic testing, reference testing, and disease surveillance.

They also provide emergency response support, perform applied research, and provide training for laboratory personnel.

What is the role of environmental health for medical laboratory?

The mission of the Environmental Health Lab (EHL) is to provide public health leadership in development of laboratory methods, information, and guidance for the assessment and prevention of indoor and outdoor air pollution, and human exposures to toxic chemicals.

What is laboratory surveillance?

Laboratory-based surveillance, one of the pillars of monitoring infectious disease trends, relies on data produced in clinical and/or public health laboratories. Currently, diagnostic laboratories worldwide submit strains or samples to a relatively small number of reference laboratories for characterisation and typing.

What is the role of medical technologist in public health?

Medical Technologist Job Responsibilities:Provides information for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease by conducting medical laboratory tests, procedures, experiments, and analyses.

What is the main function of a laboratory?

A laboratory (UK: /ləˈbɒrətəri/, US: /ˈlæbərətɔːri/; colloquially lab) is a facility that provides controlled conditions in which scientific or technological research, experiments, and measurement may be performed.

What is the role of laboratory in the healthcare delivery system in general?

Laboratory information enables physicians and other healthcare professionals to make appropriate evidence-based diagnostic or therapeutic decisions for their patients. Clinical laboratory services are the most cost effective, least invasive source of the objective information used in clinical decision-making.

What are public health laboratories?

Laboratory ServicesOur mission is to deliver public health and specialized microbiology for Alberta through leadership and excellence in surveillance, research, specialized laboratory testing and outbreak and emerging infectious diseases response.

What is national surveillance?

To protect Americans from serious disease, the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) helps public health monitor, control, and prevent about 120 diseases. NNDSS is a multifaceted program that includes the surveillance system for collection, analysis, and sharing of health data.

What is sentinel surveillance?

Sentinel Surveillance. A sentinel surveillance system is used when high-quality data are needed about a particular disease that cannot be obtained through a passive system. It has medical staff sufficiently specialized to diagnoze, treat and report cases of the disease under surveillance.

What is case based surveillance?

Case-based surveillance is the practice of. measuring and monitoring the incidence, progression and outcome of a disease via the. collection of patient-level data for a series of key or. sentinel (reportable) events.

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