What is the difference between zoonotic and vector borne diseases?
Zoonotic diseases are infections that humans catch from animals. They can be caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites and fungi. Diseases such as rabies and anthrax are also zoonotic. Vector-borne diseases are passed to humans through bites from mosquitoes, ticks and fleas.
What are the zoonotic diseases?
Examples of zoonotic diseases
- animal flu.
- bird flu.
- bovine tuberculosis.
- Campylobacter infection.
- cat scratch fever.
What are the most common zoonotic diseases?
Common zoonotic illnesses include:
- Rabies. Rabies is a disease that affects the nervous system of mammals.
- Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Lyme disease is transmitted through tick bites.
- Dengue, malaria, and chikungunya.
- Salmonella infection.
- Other types.
How many vector borne diseases are there?
These vectors can carry infective pathogens such as viruses, bacteria , and protozoa , which can be transferred from one host (carrier) to another. In the United States, there are currently 14 vector-borne diseases that are of national public health concern.