Physical inactivity, low fruit and vegetable intake, high fast food consumption and high cholesterol are predominant causes of cardiovascular disease and some cancers.
Overweight and obesity can lead to metabolic changes and raise the risk of NCDs, including heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
What are risk factors of non communicable diseases?
Metabolic and behavioral risk factors are the most common causes of noncommunicable diseases. The most important risk factors include smoking, blood pressure, unhealthy food diet, inactivity, overweight and obesity, hypercholestrolemia, diabetes and blood sugar and alcohol (1).
What are the risk factors for communicable diseases?
Key risk factors include crowded conditions, forced displacement, poor quality shelter, poor water, sanitation and hygiene, lack of healthcare facilities and lack of adequate surveillance.
What are the behavioral and dietary risk factors for noncommunicable diseases?
Behavioral risk factors, such as tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol, and unhealthy diets all increase the risk of dying from a NCD.
Who list of non communicable diseases?
The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes.
Chronic respiratory disease
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.
- pulmonary hypertension.
- cystic fibrosis.