Following the tsunami in Asia on the 26th of December in 2004, people faced the threat of water-borne diseases linked to flooding such as:
- Hepatitis A.
- Dengue fever.
- Typhoid Fever.
What are the most common waterborne diseases?
Of the seven most common waterborne diseases in the world, diarrhea is the central symptom.
- Stomach cramps and pain.
What are examples of waterborne diseases?
Some waterborne pathogenic microorganisms spread by water can cause severe, life-threatening diseases. Examples are typhoid fever, cholera and Hepatitis A or E. Other microorganisms induce less dangerous diseases. Often, diarrhoea is the main symptom (figure 1).
What are three water borne diseases?
Waterborne diseasesData are available for some water-, sanitation- and hygiene-related diseases (which include salmonellosis, cholera, shigellosis), but for others such malaria, schistosomiasis or the most modern infections such legionellosis or SARS CoV the analyses remain to be done.
What diseases can water transmit?
Diseases transmitted through drinking water include bacterial diseases (cholera, dysentery, typhoid, gastrointestinal disorders by E. coli, Yersinia, and Campylobacter), viruses (hepatitis A and E), and protozoan and helminth parasites (Cryptosporidium, Giardia, Entamoeba).