What are some examples of genetic diseases?
List of Examples of Common Single-Inheritance Genetic Diseases
- Cystic fibrosis.
- Sickle-cell anemia.
- Marfan syndrome.
- Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
- Huntington disease.
- Polycystic kidney disease types 1 and 2.
- Tay-Sachs disease.
What are 5 genetic diseases?
Information About 5 Common Genetic Disorders
- Down Syndrome.
- Cystic Fibrosis.
- Tay-Sachs disease.
- Sickle Cell Anemia.
- Learn More.
What are the 3 types of genetic disorders?
There are three types of genetic disorders:
- Single-gene disorders, where a mutation affects one gene. Sickle cell anemia is an example.
- Chromosomal disorders, where chromosomes (or parts of chromosomes) are missing or changed.
- Complex disorders, where there are mutations in two or more genes.
What is the most common fatal genetic disease?
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common, fatal genetic disease in the United States. About 30,000 people in the United States have the disease.
What are 3 genetic disorders?
There are three types of genetic disorders: Single-gene disorders, where a mutation affects one gene. Sickle cell anemia is an example. Chromosomal disorders, where chromosomes (or parts of chromosomes) are missing or changed.
What two main ways cause genetic disorders?
Genetic disorders can be caused by a mutation in one gene (monogenic disorder), by mutations in multiple genes (multifactorial inheritance disorder), by a combination of gene mutations and environmental factors, or by damage to chromosomes (changes in the number or structure of entire chromosomes, the structures that
What are the 4 types of genetic disorders?
Four of the main types are:
- Single-gene inheritance diseases.
- Multifactorial genetic inheritance disorders.
- Chromosome abnormalities.
- Mitochondrial genetic inheritance disorders.
How many genetic disorders are now identified?
There are over 6,000 genetic disorders, many of which are fatal or severely debilitating. A genetic disease is caused by a mutation in DNA and can be divided into 4 major groups: Single-gene mutation; Multiple genes mutations; Chromosomal changes and mitochondrial mutations.
What are examples of rare diseases?
Rare diseases come in many forms and include some cancers, auto-immune diseases, metabolic conditions and inherited malformations.
Some examples of rare diseases are:
- cystic fibrosis.
- muscular dystrophy.
- spina bifida.