What diseases or disorders affect the spinal cord?
- Infections such as meningitis and polio.
- Inflammatory diseases.
- Autoimmune diseases.
- Degenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and spinal muscular atrophy.
What causes spinal cord disease?
Causes of spinal cord disorders include injuries, infections, a blocked blood supply, and compression by a fractured bone or a tumor. Typically, muscles are weak or paralyzed, sensation is abnormal or lost, and controlling bladder and bowel function may be difficult.
What are the top 3 common nervous system disorders?
Brain and Nervous System. Brain and nervous system problems are common. These neurological disorders include multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, and stroke, and can affect memory and ability to perform daily activities.
What autoimmune disease affects the spine?
The prototype for autoimmune spinal disorders is ankylosing spondylitis (AS). This is a disease process that causes the spine to fuse together over time.
What disease attacks the spine?
Ankylosing spondylitis is also a systemic disease, meaning it can affect tissues throughout the body, not just the spine. Accordingly, it can cause inflammation in and injury to other joints away from the spine manifest as arthritis, as well as to other organs, such as the eyes, heart, lungs, and kidneys.
What are the symptoms of spinal cord problem?
Some symptoms of a spinal cord injury include:
- problems walking.
- loss of control of the bladder or bowels.
- inability to move the arms or legs.
- feelings of spreading numbness or tingling in the extremities.
- pain, pressure, and stiffness in the back or neck area.
- signs of shock.
Can you live without a spinal cord?
The spinal cord is a column of nerves that connects your brain with the rest of your body, allowing you to control your movements. Without a spinal cord, you could not move any part of your body, and your organs could not function. This is why keeping your spine healthy is vital if you want to live an active life.
What is the best treatment for spinal cord injury?
- Medications. Intravenous (IV) methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol) has been used as a treatment option for an acute spinal cord injury in the past.
- Immobilization. You may need traction to stabilize your spine, to bring the spine into proper alignment or both.
- Experimental treatments.
Can the spinal cord heal itself?
Unlike other parts of your body, the spinal cord does not have the ability to repair itself if it is damaged. In a complete spinal cord injury there is complete loss of sensation and muscle function in the body below the level of the injury.