What is the difference between restrictive and obstructive lung disease?
While both types can cause shortness of breath, obstructive lung diseases (such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder) cause more difficulty with exhaling air, while restrictive lung diseases (such as pulmonary fibrosis) can cause problems by restricting a person’s ability to inhale air.
What are restrictive lung diseases?
Restrictive lung diseases are a category of extrapulmonary, pleural, or parenchymal respiratory diseases that restrict lung expansion, resulting in a decreased lung volume, an increased work of breathing, and inadequate ventilation and/or oxygenation.
Is lung cancer restrictive or obstructive?
Restrictive lung diseaseThe result is the inability to take a full breath and less efficiency in transferring oxygen and carbon dioxide between your bloodstream and your airways. Lung cancer, pulmonary fibrosis and pneumonia are several kinds of restrictive lung diseases.
Can you have both restrictive and obstructive lung disease?
The amount of air people can inhale and how well the lungs can stretch are lower in those with restrictive rather than obstructive lung disease. This is measured with pulmonary function tests. However, it is possible to have both restrictive and obstructive lung diseases at the same time.