A nosocomial infection is contracted because of an infection or toxin that exists in a certain location, such as a hospital.
People now use nosocomial infections interchangeably with the terms health-care associated infections (HAIs) and hospital-acquired infections.
What are nosocomial diseases?
Nosocomial infections are infections that have been caught in a hospital and are potentially caused by organisms that are resistant to antibiotics. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a type of staph bacteria that is resistant to certain antibiotics and may be acquired during hospitalization.
What is the cause of nosocomial infection?
According to the CDC, the most common pathogens that cause nosocomial infections are Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and E. coli. Some of the common nosocomial infections are urinary tract infections, respiratory pneumonia, surgical site wound infections, bacteremia, gastrointestinal and skin infections.
What is the most common cause of hospital acquired infection?
Hospital-acquired infections are caused by viral, bacterial, and fungal pathogens; the most common types are bloodstream infection (BSI), pneumonia (eg, ventilator-associated pneumonia [VAP]), urinary tract infection (UTI), and surgical site infection (SSI).
What are 3 common examples of nosocomial infections?
Some well known nosocomial infections include: ventilator-associated pneumonia, Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, Acinetobacter baumannii, Clostridium difficile, Tuberculosis, Urinary tract infection, Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus and Legionnaires’ disease.