Ehrlichiosis is transmitted to humans by the lone star tick (Ambylomma americanum), found primarily in the southcentral and eastern U.S.
Heartland virus cases have been identified in the Midwestern and southern United States.
Studies suggest that Lone Star ticks can transmit the virus.
What diseases does the Lone Star tick carry?
But while it is not a factor in Lyme disease, the lone star tick does transmit bacteria that cause several types of illness. Those illnesses include ehrlichiosis; red meat allergy; and Southern Tick Associated Rash Illness (STARI), which produces rashes similar to those seen with Lyme disease.
What happens if you get bit by a lone star tick?
The lone star tick causes your body to swell, break out in hives, and can even cause life-threatening anaphylaxis if alpha-gals enter your bloodstream after eating red meat. Platts-Mills would later be credited as the first in his field to discover the effect of the lone star tick’s saliva on humans.
How long does a lone star tick need to be attached to transmit disease?
One transmits the infection between 4 and 72 hours; the other from 48-96 hours. For anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis, a tick needs to be attached for 24 to 50 hours. It is unknown how long a tick needs to be attached to transmit Powassan or Heartland virus.
Do male lone star ticks transmit disease?
Lone star ticks have not been shown to transmit Borrelia burgdorferi, the cause of Lyme disease. In fact, their saliva has been shown to kill Borrelia (Ledin et al., 2005, Zeidner et al., 2009). The lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum, is found throughout the eastern, southeastern and south-central states.