What are the common diseases of the lungs?
The most common lung diseases include:
- Collapse of part or all of the lung (pneumothorax or atelectasis)
- Swelling and inflammation in the main passages (bronchial tubes) that carry air to the lungs (bronchitis)
- COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
- Lung cancer.
- Lung infection (pneumonia)
How do you know if you have lung problems?
Common signs are:
- Trouble breathing.
- Shortness of breath.
- Feeling like you’re not getting enough air.
- Decreased ability to exercise.
- A cough that won’t go away.
- Coughing up blood or mucus.
- Pain or discomfort when breathing in or out.
What is severe lung disease?
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, commonly referred to as COPD, is a group of progressive lung diseases. The most common are emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Many people with COPD have both of these conditions. Emphysema slowly destroys air sacs in your lungs, which interferes with outward air flow.
What causes lung disease?
Interstitial lung disease can be caused by long-term exposure to hazardous materials, such as asbestos. Some types of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, also can cause interstitial lung disease. In some cases, however, the causes remain unknown. Once lung scarring occurs, it’s generally irreversible.