Infections common to HIV/AIDS
- Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP). This fungal infection can cause severe illness.
- Candidiasis (thrush). Candidiasis is a common HIV -related infection.
- Tuberculosis (TB).
- Cryptococcal meningitis.
What are AIDS related illnesses?
Herpes zoster (shingles) Histoplasmosis. HIV-related neurocognitive disorders. HIV wasting syndrome.
What opportunistic infections are associated with AIDS?
Common opportunistic infections associated with HIV include:
- cryptococcal meningitis.
- PCP (a type of pneumonia)
- oesophageal candidiasis.
- certain cancers, including Kaposi’s sarcoma.
What is the most common opportunistic infection in people living with human immunodeficiency virus?
Some of the most common OIs in people living with HIV in the U.S. are: Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) infection—a viral infection that can cause sores on the lips and mouth. Salmonella infection—a bacterial infection that affects the intestines.
What are two diseases caused by opportunistic pathogens that a person with AIDS can get?
Once HIV damages their immune system enough, the OI becomes uncontrolled and makes them sick. If you have HIV, you can take antibiotics to prevent the OI from causing disease. For example, one common opportunistic infection is Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (also called PCP).
What is an example of an opportunistic infection?
Opportunistic infections (OIs) are infections that occur more often or are more severe in people with weakened immune systems than in people with healthy immune systems. HIV-related OIs include pneumonia, Salmonella infection, candidiasis (thrush), toxoplasmosis, and tuberculosis (TB).
What are the four types of infections?
Types of infection include bacterial, fungal, viral, protozoan, parasitic, and prion disease. They are classified by the type of organism causing the infection.
How does a person get an opportunistic disease?
An opportunistic infection is an infection caused by pathogens (bacteria, viruses, fungi, or protozoa) that take advantage of an opportunity not normally available, such as a host with a weakened immune system, an altered microbiota (such as a disrupted gut microbiota), or breached integumentary barriers.
Can opportunistic infection be cured?
If you develop an OI, there are treatments available, such as antibiotics or antifungal drugs. You can learn more about treating OIs by referring to Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents .