Examples Of Non Communicable Diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes.

Chronic respiratory disease

  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • asthma.
  • occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.
  • pulmonary hypertension.
  • cystic fibrosis.

Key points. Non-communicable diseases are diseases without an infectious cause. Some antiretroviral drugs may increase the risk of heart disease and diabetes, while HIV itself increases the risk of some cancers. NCDs will develop in people with HIV because they are living longer on effective treatment.The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes.

Chronic respiratory disease

  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • asthma.
  • occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.
  • pulmonary hypertension.
  • cystic fibrosis.

COPD is a progressive disease. It is not contagious. The causes include smoking, lung irritants, and genetics. Treatment depends on the severity of the condition, and some lifestyle changes may help relieve symptoms.Tetanus is caused by a neurotoxin produced by the spore-forming bacterium Clostridium tetani. Tetanus is unique among the vaccine preventable diseases in that it is not communicable.As a top infectious disease, current estimates are that TB infects nearly two billion people or about one-third of the world population. These infected, non-disease active people are considered latent TB cases. This means that people are infected with TB bacteria, but are not yet ill or active cases.A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another. NCDs include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others.

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What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

NCDs include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others.

What are the 4 main types of non communicable diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

What are some example of communicable diseases?

Communicable Diseases. person or animal to another, either directly through body fluids or discharge, or indirectly through surfaces, substances or vectors like flies or mosquitoes.” Some examples of communicable diseases include influenza, mumps, chickenpox, hepatitis A and tuberculosis (TB).

What is the most common non contagious disease in the world?

The most common NCDs include cardiovascular diseases (such as heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma), and diabetes.

What are the 5 non communicable diseases?

Non-Communicable Diseases

  1. Alzheimer’s.
  2. Asthma.
  3. Cataracts.
  4. Chronic Kidney Disease.
  5. Chronic Lung Disease.
  6. Diabetes.
  7. Fibromyalgia.
  8. Heart Disease.

What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?

Referred to as a “lifestyle” disease, because the majority of these diseases are preventable illnesses, the most common causes for non-communicable diseases (NCD) include tobacco use (smoking), alcohol abuse, poor diets (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fatty acids) and physical inactivity.

Why are deficiency diseases non communicable?

Non- communicable diseases cannot be transmitted in such ways. Deficiency diseases are merely caused due to deficiency of certain minerals or substances necessary for the body. Such diseases cannot be transmitted from person to person due to any reason. Hence, the are called non- communicable diseases.

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Is obesity a non communicable disease?

obesity is associated with an elevated risk of several major non-communicable diseases, including type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, asthma, and several cancers.

What are nutrition related non communicable diseases?

Nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases in EMR

  • Cardiovascular disease. The EMR is clearly witnessing an increase in cardiovascular disease that is being escalated by the rapidly aging population.
  • Type 2 diabetes.
  • Cancer.
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Overweight and obesity.
  • Metabolic syndrome.

What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?

  1. Ebola.
  2. Influenza.
  3. Mumps.
  4. Norovirus.
  5. Pertussis.
  6. Tuberculosis.
  7. Coronavirus.

What are the four most common communicable diseases?

List of Communicable Diseases

  • Measles.
  • MRSA.
  • Pertussis.
  • Rabies.
  • Sexually Transmitted Disease.
  • Shigellosis.
  • Tuberculosis.
  • West Nile Virus. Zika.

What is the most common communicable disease?

So, without further ado, here are the five most common infectious diseases.

  1. Hepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population.
  2. Malaria.
  3. Hepatitis C.
  4. Dengue.
  5. Tuberculosis.

What are examples of non infectious disease?

A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another. NCDs include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others.

How are non communicable diseases spread?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCD) are not passed from person to person. They are typically of a long duration and progress slowly. NCDs share several common, modifiable risk factors – tobacco use, harmful alcohol use, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet.

What causes non infectious diseases?

A disease that is not contagious is called a noninfectious disease. These diseases are not caused by pathogens. Instead, they are likely to have causes such as lifestyle factors, environmental toxins, or gene mutations. Common types of noninfectious diseases include cancer, diabetes, and immune system diseases.

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