A swollen tongue may be a symptom of a disease or medical condition, such as:
- Down syndrome.
- tongue cancer.
- Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome.
- an overactive thyroid.
- strep throat.
Which diseases or disorders affect the tongue?
Conditions such as oral thrush or oral herpes viruses can cause the tongue to swell due to inflammation. Other medical conditions include tumorous cancer, acromegaly (giantism), amyloidosis, sarcoidosis, hypothyroidism, and Kawasaki disease. Tongue swelling can also be found in individuals with Down syndrome.
What can your tongue tell you about your health?
Open your mouth and look at your tongue. That may sound strange, but your tongue can tell a lot about your health. For example, a black and hairy looking tongue can signal poor oral hygiene, or diabetes. If your tongue is bright red like a strawberry, it could signal a deficiency in folic acid, vitamin B12, or iron.
What are the common diseases of the mouth?
Some of the most common diseases that impact our oral health include tooth decay (cavities), gum (periodontal) disease, and oral cancer. Oral conditions are frequently considered separate from other chronic conditions, but these are actually inter-related.
Can bad teeth affect your tongue?
Cavities. One in four adults has an untreated cavity, and according to the CDC, nearly every adult will have tooth decay at some point. You might have a cavity if you experience pain, food gets caught in your tooth, your tooth feels rough to your tongue or it hurts to eat something cold or sweet.
What kind of doctor do you see for mouth problems?
An oral and maxillofacial surgeon is the oral health care provider who performs many types of surgical procedures in and about the entire face, mouth, and jaw area. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons treat accident victims who suffer facial injuries and offer reconstructive and dental implant surgery.
What does cancer look like on your tongue?
The most noticeable signs of tongue cancer are a sore on the tongue that does not heal and a painful tongue. Cancer can develop in two different areas of the tongue. red or red and white patches (oral leukoplakia) that appear on the lining of the mouth or the tongue. sores and mouth ulcers that will not heal.
What does white tongue indicate?
White tongue is the result of an overgrowth and swelling of the fingerlike projections (papillae) on the surface of your tongue. The appearance of a white coating is caused by debris, bacteria and dead cells getting lodged between the enlarged and sometimes inflamed papillae.
What does a whole human tongue look like?
A healthy tongue is typically pink in color, but it can still vary slightly in dark and light shades. Your tongue also has small nodules on the top and bottom. These are called papillae.
What could be wrong with my tongue?
Canker sores, lichen planus (shown here), thrush, and geographic tongue can cause pain. Some medications and infections can make your tongue sore, too. Sometimes pain in your tongue can be a sign of cancer, especially if you also have a lump or red or white patches. Bring those problems up with your doctor or dentist.
What are 5 oral health diseases?
The majority of oral health conditions are: dental caries (tooth decay), periodontal diseases, oral cancers, oral manifestations of HIV, oro-dental trauma, cleft lip and palate, and noma (severe gangrenous disease starting in the mouth mostly affecting children).
What is wrong with the inside of my mouth?
No one knows what causes these small, painful blisters inside your mouth. Triggers include hypersensitivity, infection, hormones, stress, and not getting enough of some vitamins. Also called aphthous ulcers, canker sores can show up on the tongue, cheek, even your gums. They usually last a week or two.
What is poor oral hygiene?
The cause of poor oral hygiene is usually the patient’s failure to maintain good oral hygiene habits, such as regular brushing and flossing of teeth to remove plaque and tartar from the teeth. Some foods (sugars and acidic foods) and habits (such as smoking) can also result in poor oral hygiene and dental diseases.