Diseases that can be Transmitted by Ticks
- Lyme Disease. Lyme disease, caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, is a potentially serious bacterial infection affecting both humans and animals.
- Powassan Virus Disease.
- Borrelia miyamotoi Disease.
- Borrelia mayonii Disease.
- Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF)
What are symptoms of tick borne diseases?
Potential symptoms of tick-borne diseases include:
- a red spot or rash near the bite site.
- a full body rash.
- neck stiffness.
- a headache.
- muscle or joint pain or achiness.
- a fever.
When should I be concerned about a tick bite?
Make sure you see a doctor if you notice the following:
- The bite area shows some signs of infection including swelling, pain, warmth, or oozing pus.
- Development of symptoms like headache, fever, stiff neck or back, tiredness, or muscle or joint aches.
- Part of the tick remains in the skin after removal.
How many tick diseases are there?
According to the CDC, about 4,000 to 6,000 cases of tick-borne spotted fevers, including Rocky Mountain spotted fever, are reported each year in this region.
What virus causes Lyme disease in humans?
Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the United States. Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and rarely, Borrelia mayonii. It is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected blacklegged ticks.
What is the most common tick borne disease?
Some of the most common tick-borne diseases in the United States include: Lyme disease, babesiosis, ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, anaplasmosis, Southern Tick-Associated Rash Illness, Tick-Borne Relapsing Fever, and tularemia.
How do doctors test for tick borne diseases?
More advanced lab tests that can provide more precise diagnosis of the disease include a PCR test to identify Ehrlichia-specific DNA, and IFA tests to detect antibodies to the Ehrlichia antigens in the blood. Anaplasmosis, similar to Ehrlichiosis is caused by the bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum.
What do ticks look like on humans?
The different kinds of ticks can range in color from shades of brown to reddish brown and black. As they take in more blood, ticks grow. At their largest, ticks can be about the size of a marble. After a tick has been feeding on its host for several days, they become engorged and can turn a greenish-blue color.
How long after being bitten by a tick do symptoms appear?
Early signs and symptomsHowever, these signs and symptoms can occur within a month after you’ve been infected: Rash. From three to 30 days after an infected tick bite, an expanding red area might appear that sometimes clears in the center, forming a bull’s-eye pattern.
What does a Lyme tick bite look like?
The signature rash of a Lyme tick bite looks like a solid red oval or a bull’s-eye. It can appear anywhere on your body. The bull’s-eye has a central red spot, surrounded by a clear circle with a wide red circle on the outside. The rash is flat and usually doesn’t itch.