Diseases Caused By Streptococcus Pneumoniae?

What disease is caused by pneumococcal bacteria?

These include a middle ear infection, a blood infection, pneumonia, or bacterial meningitis. The bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae), which is also known as pneumococcus, causes pneumococcal disease. Invasive pneumococcal disease is a life-threatening condition that is fatal in 10 percent of cases.

Where are Streptococcus pneumoniae found?

Streptococcus pneumoniae are most commonly found in the human upper respiratory tract, specifically in the nasopharynx (the nasal passages). Most people carry these bacteria in their nasopharynx, and the harboring of S. pneumoniae within a human is called carriage.

How does Streptococcus pneumoniae spread?

Spread of pneumococcal diseaseMany people carry Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria in their nose and throat. The bacteria are transferred to another person through droplets of saliva or mucus, such as when a ‘carrier’ sneezes, coughs, shares toys or kisses someone.

What is the common name for Streptococcus pneumoniae?

The formal name of the bacterium is now Streptococcus pneumoniae. (The “strepto-” means twisted and “-coccus” comes from the Greek kokkos meaning berry.) Because of its coming in pairs, it has also been called Diplodocus pneumoniae. “Pneumoniae” refers to its propensity to settle in the lungs and cause pneumonia.

What is the best treatment for Streptococcus pneumoniae?

Pneumococcal pneumonia caused by organisms that are susceptible or intermediately resistant to penicillin responds to treatment with penicillin, one million units intravenously every 4 hours, ampicillin, 1g every 6 hours, or ceftriaxone, 1g every 24 hours. Ease of administration favors the use of ceftriaxone.

What part of the body does Streptococcus pneumoniae attack?

Pneumococcal disease is caused by common bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae) that can attack different parts of the body. When these bacteria invade the lungs, they can cause pneumonia; when they invade the bloodstream, they can cause sepsis; and when they invade the covering of the brain, they can cause meningitis.

We recommend reading:  List Of Diseases In Humans?

Can you die from Streptococcus pneumoniae?

Most pneumococcal infections are mild. However, some can be deadly or result in long-term problems, such as brain damage or hearing loss. About 1 out of 100 children younger than 5 years old with this bloodstream infection die of it. The chance of death from pneumococcal bacteremia is higher among elderly patients.

How do you know if you have Streptococcus pneumoniae?

Symptoms of pneumococcal disease depend on the part of the body that is infected. They can include fever, cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, stiff neck, confusion and disorientation, sensitivity to light, joint pain, chills, ear pain, sleeplessness, and irritability.

Can Streptococcus pneumoniae kill you?

They found the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae secretes a toxin that causes severe bleeding in the lungs in some patients, killing them within days. Serious pneumonia killed up to 100 children every year and thousands of elderly people.

Who is most likely to get Streptococcus pneumoniae?

Who is at risk for Streptococcus pneumoniae? Anyone can become infected. However, people at higher risk for infection are the elderly, children younger than two, children who attend group day-care centers and people with recent viral illness or underlying medical conditions.

What are the signs and symptoms of streptococcus pneumoniae?

Symptoms of pneumococcal disease depend on the part of the body that is infected. They can include fever, cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, stiff neck, confusion and disorientation, sensitivity to light, joint pain, chills, ear pain, sleeplessness, and irritability.

How do you get rid of Streptococcus pneumoniae?

Pneumococcal pneumonia caused by organisms that are susceptible or intermediately resistant to penicillin responds to treatment with penicillin, one million units intravenously every 4 hours, ampicillin, 1g every 6 hours, or ceftriaxone, 1g every 24 hours. Ease of administration favors the use of ceftriaxone.

We recommend reading:  Common Diseases In The Old West?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *