VA recognizes that the following diseases are possibly caused by exposure to ionizing radiation during service:
- All cancers.
- Non-malignant thyroid nodular disease.
- Parathyroid adenoma.
- Posterior subcapsular cataracts.
- Tumors of the brain and central nervous system.
What happens if you are exposed to radiation?
Exposure to very high levels of radiation, such as being close to an atomic blast, can cause acute health effects such as skin burns and acute radiation syndrome (“radiation sickness”). It can also result in long-term health effects such as cancer and cardiovascular disease.
What type of cancer is caused by radiation?
Clear evidence establishes ultraviolet radiation, especially the non-ionizing medium wave UVB, as the cause of most non-melanoma skin cancers, which are the most common forms of cancer in the world. Skin cancer may occur following ionizing radiation exposure following a latent period averaging 20 to 40 years.
How does nuclear radiation affect humans?
As radioactive material decays, or breaks down, the energy released into the environment has two ways of harming a body that is exposed to it, Higley said. It can directly kill cells, or it can cause mutations to DNA. If those mutations are not repaired, the cell may turn cancerous.
What are the three stages of radiation sickness?
A person with ARS usually goes through four stages. In the prodromal stage, the classic symptoms are nausea, vomiting, and possibly diarrhea (depending on dose) that occur from minutes to days following exposure. These symptoms may last (episodically) for minutes up to several days. Then comes the latent stage.