Enterobacter aerogenes can cause gastrointestinal infections, urinary tract infections (UTIs), skin and soft tissue infections, respiratory infections, and adult meningitis.
Is Enterobacter aerogenes dangerous?
Enterobacter aerogenes is a nosocomial and pathogenic bacterium that causes opportunistic infections. It is a gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria. E. aerogenes is generally found in the human gastrointestinal tract and does not generally cause disease in healthy individuals.
What causes Enterobacter infections?
As with other respiratory pathogens, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes mellitus, alcohol abuse, malignancy, and neurologic diseases are risk factors for the acquisition of lower respiratory tract infections. Prior antimicrobial therapy may predispose to Enterobacter pneumonia.
What is the normal habitat for Enterobacter aerogenes?
Enterobacter are found in the soil, water, dairy products, and in the intestines of animals as well as humans. They are most frequently found in the gastrointestinal tract and are studied in clinical sites in stool samples. The minimum, optimum and maximum pH for E. aerogenes replication is 4.4, 6.0-7.0, and 9.0 (6).
Does Enterobacter spp cause disease?
Enterobacter species rarely cause disease in healthy individuals. Although community-acquired Enterobacter infections are occasionally reported, nosocomial Enterobacter infections are, by far, most common.