How many types of gum diseases are there?
There are two types of diseases that can affect the gums: gingivitis and periodontitis.
Together, gingivitis and periodontitis are referred to as gum disease or periodontal disease.
What are common gum diseases?
The two most common periodontal diseases are:
- Gingivitis – inflammation of the gum at the necks of the teeth, and.
- Periodontitis – inflammation affecting the bone and tissues of the teeth.
What does a gum infection look like?
A person with gum disease will typically have one or more of the following signs and symptoms: Bright red, swollen gums that bleed very easily, even during brushing or flossing. White spots or plaques on the gums. Gums that look like they’re pulling away from the teeth.
Can gum disease be cured?
The disease is still reversible at this stage, and can usually be eliminated by careful daily brushing and flossing. In the more advanced stages of gum disease, called periodontitis, the gums and bone that support the teeth become seriously damaged.
Can gum disease kill you?
Gum Disease Can Kill More Than Your Smile. Studies have found links between periodontal disease and heart problems, stroke, stomach problems, diabetes and pregnancy. The bacteria in plaque that builds upbetween the teeth and gums can enter into the bloodstream.
What is a gum flap?
Gingival flap surgery is a procedure in which the gums are separated from the teeth and folded back temporarily to allow a dentist to reach the root of the tooth and the bone.
What do unhealthy gums look like?
Unhealthy Gums. If you have healthy gums, they will look firm and pink. Some signs of unhealthy gums include redness and swelling, gums that bleed when you brush or floss your teeth, and gums that appear to be pulling away from the teeth. Maintaining healthy gums can also be important for your overall health.
What is gum infection called?
Periodontitis. Periodontitis (per-e-o-don-TIE-tis), also called gum disease, is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and, without treatment, can destroy the bone that supports your teeth. Periodontitis can cause teeth to loosen or lead to tooth loss.
What is the best antibiotic for gum infection?
Your dentist will want to choose an antibiotic that can effectively eliminate your infection. Antibiotics of the penicillin class, such as penicillin and amoxicillin, are most commonly used to help treat tooth infections. An antibiotic called metronidazole may be given for some types of bacterial infections.
Can salt water rinse heal gum infection?
Salt water has disinfectant qualities and can help the body to heal. Research has shown that rinsing the mouth with a saltwater solution can relieve inflamed gums caused by gingivitis. To use a saltwater rinse: pour boiling water into a glass and let it cool to lukewarm.
Do gum infections go away?
Tooth and gum infection should not be left untreated, as we have discussed earlier, an infection will not go away on its own. In fact, it will spread to adjacent teeth and in worst cases, bacteria can enter the bloodstream. This may result in many health complications and may even prove to be fatal.
Is gum infection dangerous?
Gum disease is not only dangerous to your oral health, but has also been shown to be an indicator of whole-body diseases. Gum disease begins as gingivitis—inflammation of the gums and tissues of the mouth—and rapidly develops into full-fledged gum disease if left untreated.