What are culture specific disorders?
In medicine and medical anthropology, a culture-bound syndrome, culture-specific syndrome, or folk illness is a combination of psychiatric and somatic symptoms that are considered to be a recognizable disease only within a specific society or culture.
What is culture specific syndrome and illness give examples?
|Falling-out or blacking-out||Southern United States and Caribbean groups|
|Fright illness (hexing, voodoo, ghost illness)||Africa, Brazil, and native West Indians in Haiti|
|Ghost sickness||Kiowa Apache Indians|
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How do different cultures view health?
The influence of culture on health is vast. It affects perceptions of health, illness and death, beliefs about causes of disease, approaches to health promotion, how illness and pain are experienced and expressed, where patients seek help, and the types of treatment patients prefer.
Are psychological disorders universal or culture specific?
The basic premise of the universalist view is that psychiatric disorders and syndromes are universal and have core symptoms that cluster into universal syndromal patterns. Thus, the same internal disorder can be manifested differently in different cultures but the underlying psychopathology is the same across cultures.