If a disease is caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, or protozoa it’s likely, although not always, communicable.
Rabies, HIV, malaria, influenza, and athlete’s foot are just a few examples of communicable diseases you may be familiar with.
Are noncommunicable diseases caused by pathogens?
Most are non-infectious, although there are some non-communicable infectious diseases, such as parasitic diseases in which the parasite’s life cycle does not include direct host-to-host transmission. NCDs are the leading cause of death globally.
What are the risk factors of non communicable diseases?
Metabolic and behavioral risk factors are the most common causes of noncommunicable diseases. The most important risk factors include smoking, blood pressure, unhealthy food diet, inactivity, overweight and obesity, hypercholestrolemia, diabetes and blood sugar and alcohol (1).
Who are non communicable diseases?
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide.
Is Hepatitis A non communicable disease?
Hepatitis A is a vaccine-preventable, communicable disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). It is usually transmitted person-to-person through the fecal-oral route or consumption of contaminated food or water. Hepatitis A is a self-limited disease that does not result in chronic infection.