Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.
How the diseases are spread?
Infectious diseases can be spread through direct contact such as: Person to person. This can happen when an individual with the bacterium or virus touches, kisses, or coughs or sneezes on someone who isn’t infected. These germs can also spread through the exchange of body fluids from sexual contact.
What are the 6 modes of transmission?
The six links include: the infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, and susceptible host. The way to stop germs from spreading is by interrupting this chain at any link.
What are the 4 types of diseases?
There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.
What are the 5 modes of transmission?
There are five main routes of disease transmission: aerosol, direct contact, fomite, oral and vector, Bickett-Weddle explained at the 2010 Western Veterinary Conference. Diseases can be spread to humans (zoonotic) by those same five routes.